On topoi in Arab Islamic historiography

русская версия

DOI https://doi.org/10.31696/2618-7043-2023-6-5-816-822
Affiliation: Институт восточных рукописей РАН; Высшая школа экономики; Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет; Журнал «Ориенталистика»
член редакционной коллегии
Sections HISTORY OF THE EAST. Historiography, source critical studies, historical research methods
Pages 816 - 822

In the article the presence of topoi in early Arab Islamic historiography is substantiated for the ϐirst time. They are considered in the sense given to this term in literary criticism, i.e. as repetitive motives of folklore origin that were recorded in written form. For an example the author took the plot of surrender of a city (fortress) according to an agreement, in which the names of those who received mercy were enumerated, but the commander who concluded it forgot to inscribe there his name. At ϐirst the use of that topos is examined with regard to the capture of the city of Susa in Khuzestan by the Muslims (on the basis of the reports by al-Dīnawarī, al-Balādhurī and Ibn A‘tham al-Kūϐī and of their interpretations by Aliy I. Kolesnikov and Oleg G. Bolshakov). Then the same motive is analyzed in the tale about surrender of the fortress of al-Nudjayr which put the end to the “War of Apostasy” in Ḥaḍramawt. The assumption is made that Arab Islamic historians turned to topoi in order to make the narrative more entertaining and to ϐill up the lack of real information.

Download PDF Download JATS
  1. Ibn A‘tham al-Kūfī. Kitāb al-Futūḥ (Book of the Conquests). Vol. 1. Ed. ‘Abd al-Wahhāb al-Bukhārī. Hyderabad: Osmania Oriental Publications Bureau, 1978 (in Arabic).
  2. Ibn A‘tham al-Kūfī. Kitāb al-Futūḥ (Book of the Conquests). Vol. 2. Ed. Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Mu‘īd-khān. Hyderabad: Osmania Oriental Publications Bureau Publishing House of the Ottoman Encyclopeadia, 1979 (in Arabic).
  3. al-Beládsorí (de Goeje), 1866 — Liber expugnationis regionum auctore al-Beládsorí. Ed. M. J. de Goeje. Lugduni Batavorum: E. J. Brill, 1866.
  4. ad-Dînaweri (Guirgass), 1888 — Abû Ḥanîfa ad-Dînaweri. Kitâb al-Aḫbâr aṭ-ṭiwâl. Publié par Vl. Guirgass. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1888.
  5. at-Tabari (de Goeje), I — Annales quos scripsit Abu Djafar Mohammed ibn Djarir at-Tabari, ed. M. J. de Goeje. Series I. Lugduni Batavorum: E. J. Brill, 1879– 1898.
  6. Bolshakov O. G. History of the Caliphate. I: Islam in Arabia (570–633). Moscow: Nauka; GRVL, 1989 (in Russian).
  7. Bolshakov O. G. History of the Caliphate. II: Epoch of the Great Conquests (570–633). Moscow: Nauka; GRVL, 1993 (in Russian).
  8. Bolshakov O. G. Emergence and Development of Islam and the Muslim Empire. Moscow: Demetrius Pogarski University, 2016 (in Russian).
  9. Kolesnikov A. I. The Conquest of Iran by the Arabs (Iran under the Righteous Caliphs). Moscow: Nauka; GRVL, 1982 (in Russian).
  10. Piotrovsky M. B. Prophetic movement in Arabia of the 7th century AD. Islam. Religion, Society, State, ed. P. A. Gryaznevich, S. M. Prozorov. Moscow: Nauka; GRVL, 1984 (in Russian).
  11. Piotrovsky M. B. South Arabia during the Early Muddle Ages. Formation of the Medieval Society. Moscow: Nauka; GRVL, 1985 (in Russian).
  12. Frantsouzoff S. Histoire sociale et politique du Hadramawt au cours du Haut Moyen-Âge (IVe — XIIe siècle de l’ère chrétienne). Introduction et traduction arabe ‘Abd al-‘Azîz Bin ‘Aqîl. Sanaa: Centre Français d’Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales de Sanaa, 2004 (in Arabic).
For citations: Французов С.А. О топосах в арабо-мусульманской историографии. Ориенталистика. 2023; т. 6, 5: 816-822